Copyright for Teachers

 Specifics  What You Can Do
  More Details
 Printed Material

• Poem less than 250 words; 250-word excerpt of poem greater than 250 words
• Articles, stories, or essays less than 2,500 words
• Excerpt from a longer work (10 percentof work or 1,000 words, whichever is less)
• One chart, picture, diagram, or cartoon per book or per periodical issue
• Two pages (maximum) from an illustrated work less than 2,500 words  e.g., a children’s book

 • Teachers may make multiple copies
for classroom use, and incorporate into
multimedia for teaching classes.
• Students may incorporate text into
multimedia projects.
 • Copies may be made only from legally
acquired originals.
• Only one copy allowed per student.
• Teachers may make copies in nine
instances per class per term.
• Usage must be “at the instance
and inspiration of a single teacher,”
i.e., not a directive from the district.
• Don’t create anthologies.
• “Consumables,” such as workbooks,
may not be copied.
 Printed Material
 • An entire work
• Portions of a work
• A work in which the existing format
has become obsolete, e.g., a document
stored on a Wang computer
 • A librarian may make up to three
copies “solely for the purpose of
replacement of a copy that is damaged,
deteriorating, lost, or stolen.”
 • Copies must contain copyright
• Archiving rights are designed to allow
libraries to share with other libraries
one-of-a-kind and out-of-print books.
and Photographs
 • Photograph
• Illustration
• Collections of photographs
• Collections of illustrations
 • Single works may be used in their entirety, but no more than five images by a single artist or photographer may be used.
• From a collection, not more than 15
images or 10 percent (whichever is
less) may be used.
 • Although older illustrations may be in
the public domain and don’t need permission to be used, sometimes they’re part of a copyright collection.
(for viewing)
 • Videotapes (purchased)
• Videotapes (rented)
• DVDs
• Laserdiscs
 • Teachers may use these materials in
the classroom.
• Copies may be made for archival
purposes or to replace lost, damaged,
or stolen copies.
 • The material must be legitimately
• Material must be used in a classroom
or nonprofit environment “dedicated
to face-to-face instruction.”
• Use should be instructional, not for
entertainment or reward.
• Copying OK only if replacements are unavailable  at a fair price or viable format.
(for integration into
multimedia or video
 • Videotapes
• DVDs
• Laserdiscs
• Multimedia encyclopedias
• QuickTime Movies
• Video clips from the Internet
 • Students “may use portions of lawfully
acquired copyright works in their
academic multimedia,” defined as 10
percent or three minutes (whichever
is less) of “motion media.”
 • The material must be legitimately
acquired (a legal copy, not bootleg or
home recording).
• Copyright works included in multimedia
projects must give proper attribution
to copyright holder.
(for integration into
multimedia or video
 • Records
• Cassette tapes
• CDs
• Audio clips on the Web
 • Up to 10 percent of a copyright musical
composition may be reproduced,
performed, and displayed as part of a
multimedia program produced by an
educator or students.
 • A maximum of 30 seconds per musical
composition may be used.
• Multimedia program must have an
educational purpose.
 Computer Software  • Software (purchased)
• Software (licensed)
 • Library may lend software to patrons.
• Software may be installed on multiple machines, and distributed to users via
a network.
• Software may be installed at home and
at school.
• Libraries may make copies for archival
use or to replace lost, damaged, or
stolen copies if software is unavailable
at a fair price or in a viable format.
 • Only one machine at a time may use
the program.
• The number of simultaneous users must
not exceed the number of licenses; and
the number of machines being used
must never exceed the number licensed.
A network license may be required for
multiple users.
 Television  • Broadcast (e.g., ABC, NBC, CBS,, PBS, and local stations)
• Cable (e.g., CNN, TNT, HBO)
• Videotapes made of broadcast and cable TV programs
 • Broadcasts or tapes made from broadcast may be used for instruction.
• Cable channel programs may be used with permission. Many programs may be retained by teachers

 Internet  • Internet connections
• World Wide Web
 • Images may be downloaded for
student projects and teacher lessons.
• Sound files and video may be downloaded
for use in multimedia projects

 • Resources from the Web may not be
reposted onto the Internet without
permission.However, links to legitimate
resources can be posted.
• Any resources you download must have
beenlegitimately acquired by theWebsite.
Resource Links